This paper focuses on corruption risks, and how to address them, in both adaptation and REDD+. Adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change is an issue for all countries, and all Parties to the UNFCCC have committed to undertake adaptation activities. However, the issue is particularly important for developing countries in view of their vulnerability, limited capacity to adapt and lesser historical responsibility for the causes of climate change. This paper also focuses on an element of mitigation which is of particular importance to many developing countries: reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+)9. REDD+, which is to be funded by developed country Parties (and, potentially, through the market), represents a potential source of new revenue for a number of developing countries. The purpose of REDD+ is to establish a large-scale system of financial incentives to encourage forest-rich developing countries to reduce their levels of deforestation and forest degradation, and to increase their carbon stocks. However, while REDD+ has the potential to mitigate emissions, to assist with adaptation,10 improve livelihoods and provide significant biodiversity cobenefits, any future REDD+ mechanism is also prone to corruption risks.
Fuente: Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD)