Bribery requires both a payer and a recipient. Those who make the payoffs are frequently agents of private firms, and in the standard scenario, those who receive them are public officials. However, some payoffs involve no public officials at all. As the private sector grows in importance in developing and emerging economies, many corrupt opportunities are likely to involve private firm employees as both payers and payees. Such commercial bribery is a familiar feature of corruption in developed countries. Sales agents bribe purchasing agents to get business. Head office inspectors are bribed by lower-level employees or franchisees to misrepresent the facts. Labor union leaders are paid off by management to sell out the interests of the rank and file. Other corrupt behavior occurs inside single firms and harms outside investors and the public. No payoffs change hands, but managers hide private profits from investors and hide corporate losses from outside scrutiny

Fuente: Anti-corruption Resource Centre – U4

Año: 2007

Idioma: Inglés