The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the latest achievement in a series of international anti-corruption treaties. All of them share a common challenge – how to meaningfully follow up on their implementation. In fact, for UNCAC a mechanism to review implementation has yet to be developed. This U4 Issue Paper explores lessons learned from the anti-corruption convention that has been in existence longest – the Inter-American Convention against Corruption (IACAC) – which can give useful insights on follow-up, especially given the similarity between the two conventions in terms of objectives, the heterogeneous composition of their member states, and the broad content of its provisions. More specifically, this paper aims to demonstrate the existing gap between information about formal changes and information about real changes (results and impacts) in the countries. Strengthening national information systems and information management capacities proves to be important in order to generate more objective knowledge about the level of implementation of anti-corruption conventions, and thus about anti-corruption reform. Finally, this paper shows the value of using performance indicators which facilitate the assessments about the degree of implementation of a convention within the respective countries. Special emphasis is given to the development of an indicator map which assesses some key areas of IACAC implementation in Guatemala.
Fuente: Anti-corruption Resource Centre – U4