The advent of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption on 14 December 2005 brought new challenges and opportunities to the fight against corruption. It is increasingly being realized that success in meeting the MDGs will depend on both the ‘quality’ of democratic governance and the generation and management of resources. UNCAC is a binding document ratified by 128 countries (as of November 2008) that provides a governance framework that could prove very useful in this context.1 According to the self-assessment results of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, an overwhelming majority of Member States indicated that they would need technical assistance to implement UNCAC. Given UNDP’s previous work and its widespread presence at the country level, Member States are increasingly approaching UNDP Country Offices for technical assistance in establishing and strengthening national anti-corruption institutions, developing strategies and laws to prevent corruption, and designing and implementing appropriate interventions. It is within this context that this primer explores the theoretical and empirical relationship between corruption and the various aspects of development including economic growth, poverty, human rights, gender, governance, human development, and environment and sustainable development. The primer also recommends ways in which UNDP could integrate anti-corruption principles and strategies with its technical assistance to effectively implement anti-corruption interventions to reduce poverty, realize the MDGs and promote sustainable development.
Fuente: Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD)